Livestock, Reptiles, Insects and Wild animals in Mosul

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Goethe in Mosul: Ein neues Ost-West-Verständnis

Goethe in Mosul: Ein neues Ost-West-Verständnis

Goethe

Schon seit Beginn der Menschheit wunderten die Menschen sich über sich und die Welt um sie herum. Sie konnten unmöglich erkennen, was in ihrem frühen Leben Osten (rechts) und was Westen (links) ist. Dann fanden sie es und begannen, dem Leben um sie herum Anweisungen zu geben. Einige von ihnen gingen nach Osten und andere nach Westen. Andere beschlossen, in der Mitte zu bleiben. Und von da an begannen die Anweisungen, unsere Beziehung zu definieren. Jahrhunderte vergingen und die Menschheit trug dazu bei, Definitionen der Richtungen der Welt festzulegen. Und hier war die Welt im Westen und Osten (mit all ihren unterschiedlichen Auffassungen und historische, soziale, wirtschaftliche und politische Ebenen, die den vermeintlichen zwei Richtungen hinzugefügt wurden).

Nur wenige Menschen entschieden sich für ein anderes Verständnis von Ost und West. Wahrscheinlich war einer von ihnen Johann Wolfgang von Goethe, der das Bedürfnis hatte, zu humanisieren, was Menschen entmenschlicht hatten. Das konnte er in seiner “westlichen” Umgebung nicht finden und fand er in Hafiz, dessen Worte ihn dazu inspirierten, ein erstaunliches Werk zu schreiben, das den deutschen Leser “orientalisierte”, und das war “West–östlicher Divan”.

Goethe verstand die Bedeutung des “Austauschs” und der Kommunikation zwischen den Kulturen. Ein Thema, das die Menschheit geschaffen hat, aber oft vergessen wurde. Aus diesem Grund fand die erste Begegnung zwischen Weidenholzer Josef und mir statt. Das erste Mal, als ich ihn getroffen hatte, habe auch die Worte von Hafiz gefühlt. Er erklärte sein Verständnis von den Ereignissen in Mosul. Ein Mann, der die Konsequenzen des Zweiten Weltkriegs erlebt hat, hat ein besonderes Verständnis dafür, wie wichtig es ist, die Gefühle in Goethes Gedichten und Worten wiederzubeleben. Heute war ich wieder in seinem Büro, um über unsere zukünftige Arbeit zu diskutieren, um Mosuls Jugendlichen zu helfen, ihr Leben und ihre Zukunft wiederzugewinnen.

Omar

Omar

Mosul Recovery: A National campaign to remove harmful plants

the Nineveh Directorate of Agriculture has launched a campaign with the farmers of Nineveh to remove harmful plants from 321236 Acre around Nineveh and Mosul farms.

the harmful plants have caused damage to many farms across Nineveh and has prevented farmers from planting. This campaign comes after the reopening of Al Jazira irrigation system. the removing of the harmful plants will start with Chiliwkhan village south west Mosul. the Nineveh Directorate of Agriculture will also provide farmers with the necessary fertilizers to help them cleaning their farms and removing the harmful plants. 65% of Nineveh is agricultural which is the largest across Iraq and has produced around 500 Ton of wheat and barley in 2018.

Mosul Recovery: Honey production in Mosul reaches a record 48,000 kilograms

In 2018, apiculture in Mosul reached record-level honey production of 48,000 kilograms since the occupation of the city by ISIS. Since 2014, large numbers of farms were destroyed across Nineveh.

There are around 800 beekeepers in Mosul and surrounding Nineveh Province who produce honey for local markets across Iraq. In 2014, many of the beekeepers fled the city or had their farms destroyed by ISIS. The reviving of the honey production contributes directly to the revival of the agricultural sector and local markets, also providing more jobs in the city.

Mosul farmers report unknown infection causing significant damage to potato crop

Farmers from northwest Mosul have complained that their potato crop has been heavily damaged by an unknown infection. Just two days ago something similar happened to the tomato crop in southern Iraq.

Shikhan and Gubba villages are known for producing significant amounts of potatoes that are distributed to local markets across Iraq. The price of potatoes has gone up significantly since reports of the damage.

Important news for Mosul: Al Jazira irrigation system is back to work

Mosul-based agricultural engineer Ra’id al Ma’adhidi has recently reported that the so-called Al Jazira Irrigation System Project (northern part) has been renovated and is back to work with the support of the United Nations Food and Agricultural Organization (FAO) and a 1,547,845 USD contribution from UNDP. The project shall revive the agriculture in northwestern Nineveh, providing much-needed jobs and stabilization in the troubled area that has suffered for years from the devastation of the agricultural sector since 2003, with the result that many people joined armed groups. The project will provide locally grown vegetables, wheat and barley for millions of Iraqis across the country.

The Northern Al-Jazeera Irrigation Project is located 100 km northwest of Mosul in Rabi’a sub-district serving 58,700 hectares. The project was functional until June 9, 2014.

Nineveh Governorate was once known as the “breadbasket” of Iraq. According to the Ministry of Agriculture, it yielded 40-45 percent of Iraq’s annual wheat and barley production. Approximately 30 percent of all agricultural equipment available in Iraq is located in Nineveh. Agriculture has historically been a principle contributor to the Mosul economy. There are several grain silos in Mosul district, two of which are inside the city. In addition, Mosul has a number of factories for producing flour (private and government-owned) that are located within the city’s industrial areas, but cater to the needs of the larger Nineveh Governorate. Vegetables and fruits are also cultivated in the area for local and national consumption.

After the fall of Mosul, ISIS assumed control over agricultural production, flour factories and bakeries. It confiscated the wheat and barley in the city’s silos and transferred it to Syria. ISIS also confiscated all agricultural equipment loaned by the government to local farmers and from minorities who fled their cities and towns. They also forced farmers to sell them their products at lower than market rates. As an example, before June 2014, the official selling price of wheat set by the Ministry of Trade was IQD 850,000 per ton. Under ISIS, however, the local market price of wheat fell to IQD 250,000 per ton, at the expense of wheat farmers.

The combination of dwindling financial returns and a volatile security situation led many farmers to stop working in the fields, and to flee their villages in search of livelihood opportunities elsewhere. However, the agricultural sector did not entirely collapse. Reliant on rain rather than irrigation, grains continue to be produced in the area. Despite the good precipitation in 2015, the fear of military operations and the increase of fuel prices diminished agricultural production.

The suspension of the large governmental irrigation projects after the fall of Mosul, combined with the lack of access to quality fertilizer, have contributed to the decline of irrigation-reliant types of crops (e.g. vegetables and fruits) cultivated in the farmlands northwest of Mosul city (especially in Al-Qubba, Al-Rashidiya, and Hawi Al-Kanisa).

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